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Method for enhancing pulse oximery calculations in the presence of correlated artifacts

Патентный поиск по классам МПК-8:

Класс A61B5/1455 с использованием оптических сенсоров, например спектральных фотометрических оксиметров

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Классы МПК:A61B5/1455 с использованием оптических сенсоров, например спектральных фотометрических оксиметров
Автор(ы): Baker Jr., Clark R. (Castro Valley, CA, US)
Патентообладатель(и): Covidien LP (Mansfield, MA, US)
Приоритеты:
подача заявки
20.06.2008
публикация патента
16.04.2013

РЕФЕРАТ (Abstract)

A method for determining a physiological parameter in the presence of correlated artifact, including obtaining two digital waveforms, x and y, the waveforms being representative of the absorption of two wavelengths of electromagnetic energy received from a blood-perfused tissue, and where each of the waveforms has a component corresponding to a plethysmographic waveform and a component corresponding to the correlated artifact; calculating several weighted difference waveforms of the form x−R*y, where R is a multiplier, by varying R over a range; evaluating the several weighted difference waveforms using a shape characteristic of the weighted difference waveform; identifying a weighted difference waveform most closely representative of and one most different from the plethysmographic waveform; determining a pleth-based physiological parameter using the waveform most closely representative of the plethysmographic waveform; determining at least one artifact-based physiological parameter using the waveform most different from the plethysmographic waveform; and rejecting other possible candidate values for the pleth-based physiological parameter using the artifact-based physiological parameter.
Полный текст Патента US 8423109 + PDF


ФОРМУЛА ИЗОБРЕТЕНИЯ (CLAIMS)

What is claimed is:

1. A method comprising: receiving two waveforms corresponding to two different wavelengths of light from a patient; combining the two waveforms to form a plurality of weighted difference waveforms, wherein the plurality of weighted difference waveforms vary from one another by a value of a multiplier; identifying one of the weighted difference waveforms from the plurality of weighted difference waveforms using a characteristic of one or more of the plurality of weighted difference waveforms; and calculating a physiological parameter based at least in part on the identified weighted difference waveform.

2. The method of claim 1, wherein the physiological parameter comprises a pulse rate.

3. The method of claim 1, wherein the physiological parameter comprises an oxygen saturation value.

4. The method of claim 1, wherein identifying one of the weighted difference waveforms from the plurality of weighted difference waveforms comprises identifying the waveform that most closely resembles a plethysmographic waveform.

5. The method of claim 1, wherein identifying one of the weighted difference waveforms from the plurality of weighted difference waveforms comprises identifying the waveform that least closely resembles a plethysmographic waveform.

6. The method of claim 1, comprising identifying another one of the weighted difference waveforms from the plurality of weighted difference waveforms using another characteristic of one or more of the plurality of weighted difference waveforms, and wherein calculating the physiological parameter is based at least in part on the another identified weighted difference waveform.

7. The method of claim 1, wherein the characteristic of one or more of the plurality of weighted difference waveforms comprises at least one of a measure of complexity of one or more of the plurality of weighted difference waveforms or a measure of skew of one or more of the plurality of weighted difference waveforms.

8. A pulse oximeter, comprising: a processor capable of: receiving two waveforms corresponding to different wavelengths of light from a patient; combining the two received waveforms to form a plurality of weighted difference waveforms, wherein the plurality of weighted difference waveforms vary from one another by a value of a multiplier; identifying one of the weighted difference waveforms from the plurality of weighted difference waveforms using a characteristic of one or more of the plurality of weighted difference waveforms; and calculating a physiological parameter based at least in part on the identified weighted difference waveform.

9. The oximeter of claim 8, wherein identifying one of the weighted difference waveforms from the plurality of weighted difference waveforms comprises identifying the waveform that most closely resembles a plethysmographic waveform.

10. The oximeter of claim 8, wherein identifying one of the weighted difference waveforms comprises identifying the waveform that least closely resembles a plethysmographic waveform.

11. The oximeter of claim 8, wherein the processor is capable of identifying another one of the weighted difference waveforms from the plurality of weighted difference waveforms using another characteristic of one or more of the plurality of weighted difference waveforms, and wherein calculating the physiological parameter is based at least in part on the another identified weighted difference waveform.

12. The oximeter of claim 8, wherein the characteristic of one or more of the plurality of weighted difference waveforms comprises a measure of complexity of one or more of the plurality of weighted difference waveforms.

13. The oximeter of claim 8, wherein the characteristic of one or more of the plurality of weighted difference waveforms comprises a measure of skew of one or more of the plurality of weighted difference waveforms.

14. The oximeter of claim 8, wherein the characteristic of one or more of the plurality of weighted difference waveforms comprises at least one of a measure of the degree of arrhythmia of one or more of the plurality of weighted difference waveforms or a measure of the degree of similarity or correlation between two or more of the plurality of weighted difference waveforms.

15. The oximeter of claim 8, wherein the characteristic of one or more of the plurality of weighted difference waveforms comprises at least one of: a measure of the degree of noise by obtaining a ratio of a current pulse amplitude to the long-term average pulse amplitude of one or more of the plurality of weighted difference waveforms; a ratio of a current pulse amplitude to a previous pulse amplitude of the one or more of the plurality of weighted difference waveforms; or a ratio of a current pulse period to that of an average pulse period of one or more of the plurality of weighted difference waveforms.

16. The oximeter of claim 8, wherein the characteristic of one or more of the plurality of weighted difference waveforms comprises at least one of a measure of kurtosis of one or more of the plurality of weighted difference waveforms or a measure of a dicrotic notch of one or more of the plurality of weighted difference waveforms.

17. The oximeter of claim 8, wherein the characteristic of one or more of the plurality of weighted difference waveforms comprises a measure of a total absolute change between the two or more plurality of weighted difference waveforms, normalized by a pulse amplitude.

18. A pulse oximetry system comprising: a sensor capable of detecting two electromagnetic radiation signals corresponding to different wavelengths of light; and a processor capable of: receiving two waveforms corresponding to the different wavelengths of light from the sensor; combining the two waveforms to form a plurality of weighted difference waveforms, wherein the plurality of weighted difference waveforms vary from one another by the value of a multiplier; identifying at least one of the weighted difference waveforms from the plurality of weighted difference waveforms using at least one characteristic of one or more of the plurality of weighted difference waveforms; and calculating a physiological parameter based at least in part on the at least one identified weighted difference waveform.

19. The system of claim 18, wherein identifying at least one of the weighted difference waveforms from the plurality of weighted difference waveforms comprises identifying at least one of the waveform that most closely resembles a plethysmographic waveform or the waveform that lease closely resembles a plethysmographic waveform.

20. The system of claim 18, wherein the characteristic of one or more of the plurality of weighted difference waveforms comprises at least one of: a measure of complexity of one or more of the plurality of weighted difference waveforms; a measure of skew of one or more of the plurality of weighted difference waveforms; a measure of the degree of arrhythmia of one or more of the plurality of weighted difference waveforms; a measure of the degree of similarity or correlation between two or more of the plurality of weighted difference waveforms; a measure of the degree of noise by obtaining a ratio of a current pulse amplitude to the long-term average pulse amplitude of one or more of the plurality of weighted difference waveforms; a ratio of a current pulse amplitude to a previous pulse amplitude of the one or more of the plurality of weighted difference waveforms; a ratio of a current pulse period to that of an average pulse period of one or more of the plurality of weighted difference waveforms; a measure of kurtosis of one or more of the plurality of weighted difference waveforms; a measure of a dicrotic notch of one or more of the plurality of weighted difference waveforms; or a measure of a total absolute change between the two or more plurality of weighted difference waveforms, normalized by a pulse amplitude.


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