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Spatial segregation of plasma components

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Класс H01J49/00 Спектрометры элементарных частиц или разделительные трубки

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Классы МПК:H01J49/00 Спектрометры элементарных частиц или разделительные трубки
Автор(ы): Lane, Glenn (Ocala, FL, US)
Патентообладатель(и): LANE GLENN
Приоритеты:
подача заявки
29.03.2011
публикация патента
05.02.2013

РЕФЕРАТ (Abstract)

A closed plasma channel (“CPC”) superconductor which, in a first embodiment, is comprised of an elongated, close-ended vacuum conduit comprising a cylindrical wall having a longitudinal axis and defining a transmission space for containing an ionized gas of vapor plasma (hereinafter “plasma components”), the plasma components being substantially separated into regionalized channels parallel to the longitudinal axis in response to a static magnetic field produced within the transmission space. Each channel is established along the entire length of the transmission space. At least one channel is established comprised primarily of free-electrons which provide a path of least resistance for the transmission of energy therethrough. Ionization is established and maintained by the photoelectric effect of a light source of suitable wavelength to produce the most conductive electrical transmission medium. Various embodiments of the subject method and apparatus are described including a hybrid system for the transmission of alternating current or, alternatively, multi-pole EM fields through the cylindrical wall and direct current or charged particles through the stratified channels.
Полный текст Патента US 8368033 + PDF


ФОРМУЛА ИЗОБРЕТЕНИЯ (CLAIMS)

What is claimed as being new, useful and desired to be protected by Letters Patent of the United States is as follows:

1. A closed plasma channel apparatus, comprising: a. an ionization chamber comprising an ionization vessel having an ionization space under vacuum; b. photoionization means in operable communication with said ionization space for photoionization of a plasma precursor gas or vapor confined within said ionization space into a low density plasma; and magnetic field producing means for imparting a static magnetic field within said ionization space for substantially separating said plasma into its constituent components, each said component occupying a separate region within said ionization space.

2. The closed plasma channel apparatus of claim 1, wherein said ionization vessel comprises said magnetic field producing means and is comprised of a close-ended Hallbach cylinder.

3. The closed plasma channel apparatus of claim 1, wherein said ionization vessel is a close-ended cylinder having a central longitudinal axis and said magnetic field producing means is external to said ionization vessel.

4. The closed plasma channel apparatus of claim 3, wherein said magnetic field producing means is comprised of a plurality of uniformly magnetized rods incrementally spaced around the circumference of said cylinder, parallel to said longitudinal axis, substantially all of said rods having a different cross-sectional direction of magnetization relative to one another.

5. The closed plasma channel apparatus of claim 4, further comprising means for rotating said rods relative to each other to produce a dynamically variable field and various dipolar configurations within said ionization space.

6. A closed plasma channel apparatus, comprising: a. a plasma separation chamber comprising a plasma separation vessel having a plasma separation space under vacuum; and b. magnetic field producing means for imparting a static magnetic field to a plasma confined within said plasma separation space for substantially separating said plasma into its constituent components, each said component occupying a separate region within said plasma separation space.

7. The closed plasma channel apparatus of claim 6, wherein said plasma separation vessel comprises said magnetic field producing means and is comprised of a close-ended Hallbach cylinder.

8. The closed plasma channel apparatus of claim 6, wherein said plasma separation vessel is a close-ended cylinder having a central longitudinal axis and said magnetic field producing means is external to said plasma separation vessel.

9. The closed plasma channel apparatus of claim 8, wherein said magnetic field producing means is comprised of a plurality of uniformly magnetized rods incrementally spaced around the circumference of said cylinder, parallel to said longitudinal axis, substantially all of said rods having a different cross-sectional direction of magnetization relative to one another.

10. The closed plasma channel apparatus of claim 9, further including means for rotating said rods relative to each other to produce a dynamically variable field and various dipolar configurations within said plasma separation space.

11. The closed plasma channel apparatus of claim 1, further including means for imparting an electromagnetic field within said ionization space to stimulate movement of particles from a first end of said ionization vessel through at least one said region to a second end of said ionization vessel.

12. The closed plasma channel apparatus of claim 6, further including means for imparting an electromagnetic field within said plasma separation space to stimulate movement of particles from a first end of said plasma separation vessel through at least one said region to a second end of said plasma separation vessel.

13. A method of substantially separating plasma components into regions of varying conductivity within a plasma separation chamber comprising a plasma separation vessel having a plasma separation space, wherein each said region is parallel to a longitudinal axis of said plasma separation space, one such region being highly conductive relative to said other regions, the method comprising: a. imparting an axially homogenous static magnetic field to a plasma confined within said plasma separation space under vacuum.

14. The method of claim 13, further comprising photoionizing recombined plasma components and/or nonionized particles within said plasma separation space in order to sustain a desired plasma density.

15. The method of claim 13, further comprising imparting an oscillating magnetic field within said plasma separation space, orthogonal to said magnetic field, in order to stimulate movement of charged particles along said highly conductive region of said plasma separation space.

16. The method of claim 14, further comprising imparting an oscillating magnetic field within said plasma separation space, orthogonal to said magnetic field, in order to stimulate movement of charged particles along said highly conductive region of said plasma separation space.

17. The method of claim 15, further comprising introducing a direct current through said highly conductive region.

18. The method of claim 16, further comprising introducing a direct current through said highly conductive region.

19. The method of claim 17, wherein said highly conductive region is adjacent the wall of said plasma separation vessel, and further comprising introducing an alternating current through said wall, whereby said alternating current passes from said conductive wall to said highly conductive region and travels axially through said highly conductive region.

20. A closed plasma channel apparatus, comprising: an ionization chamber comprising an ionization vessel having an ionization space under vacuum; an ionizer in operable communication with the ionization space for ionization of a plasma precursor gas or vapor confined within the ionization space into a low density plasma; and a static magnetic field within the ionization space for substantially separating the plasma into its constituent components, where each constituent component of the plasma occupies a separate region within the ionization space.

21. The closed plasma channel apparatus of claim 20, wherein the static magnetic field is produced by a close-ended Hallbach cylinder comprised by the ionization vessel.

22. The closed plasma channel apparatus of claim 20, wherein the ionization vessel is a close-ended cylinder having a central longitudinal axis and the static magnetic field within the ionization space is produced by a static magnetic field generator, wherein the static magnetic field generator is positioned external to the ionization vessel.

23. The closed plasma channel apparatus of claim 22, wherein the static magnetic field generator comprises a plurality of uniformly magnetized rods incrementally spaced around the circumference of the close-ended cylinder, parallel to the central longitudinal axis, wherein substantially all of the rods of the plurality of rods have a different cross-sectional direction of magnetization relative to one another.

24. The closed plasma channel apparatus of claim 23, wherein the plurality of rods are rotated relative to each other to produce a dynamically variable field and various dipolar configurations within the ionization space.

25. A closed plasma channel apparatus, comprising: a. a plasma separation chamber comprising a plasma separation vessel having a plasma separation space under vacuum; and b. a static magnetic field in the plasma separation space, wherein a plasma confined within the plasma separation space is substantially separated into its constituent components, wherein each constituent component of the plasma occupies a separate region within the plasma separation space.

26. The closed plasma channel apparatus of claim 24, wherein the static magnetic field is produced by a close-ended Hallbach cylinder comprised by the plasma separation vessel.

27. The closed plasma channel apparatus of claim 25, wherein the plasma separation vessel is a close-ended cylinder having a central longitudinal axis and the static magnetic field within the ionization space is produced by a static magnetic field generator, wherein the static magnetic field generator is positioned external to the plasma separation vessel.

28. The closed plasma channel apparatus of claim 27, wherein the static magnetic field generator comprises a plurality of uniformly magnetized rods incrementally spaced around the circumference of the close-ended cylinder, parallel to the central longitudinal axis, wherein substantially all of the rods of the plurality of rods have a different cross-sectional direction of magnetization relative to one another.

29. The closed plasma channel apparatus of claim 28, wherein the plurality of rods are rotated relative to each other to produce a dynamically variable field and various dipolar configurations within the plasma separation space.

30. The closed plasma channel apparatus of claim 20, further comprising an electromagnetic field generator, wherein the electromagnetic field generator generates an electromagnetic field within the ionization space to stimulate movement of particles from a first end of the ionization vessel through at least one of the constituent regions to a second end of the ionization vessel.

31. The closed plasma channel apparatus of claim 25, further comprising an electromagnetic field generator, wherein the electromagnetic field generator generates an electromagnetic field within the plasma separation space to stimulate movement of particles from a first end of the plasma separation vessel through at least one of the constituent component's regions to a second end of the plasma separation vessel.


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