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Peristaltic pump

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Класс F04B43/12 перистальтического действия 

Класс A61M1/10 насосы для перекачивания крови; искусственное сердце; устройства для механического воздействия на систему кровообращения, например внутриаортальные баллоны

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Класс F04B45/08 перистальтического действия


Классы МПК:F04B43/12 перистальтического действия 
A61M1/10 насосы для перекачивания крови; искусственное сердце; устройства для механического воздействия на систему кровообращения, например внутриаортальные баллоны
F04B45/08 перистальтического действия
Автор(ы): Cheng, Zaijun (Shenzhen, CN)
Патентообладатель(и): CHENG ZAIJUN
Приоритеты:
подача заявки
19.10.2009
публикация патента
29.01.2013

РЕФЕРАТ (Abstract)

A peristaltic pump, for propelling liquid through a flexible pump tube, includes an outer casing having a guiding channel wherein an operating portion of the pump tube extends along the guiding channel. The peristaltic pump further includes at least two pressuring rollers supported at the outer casing in a radially movable manner which can move outwardly to press against the operating portion of the pump tube. A center driving mechanism is supported at a center portion of the outer casing to radially push the pressure rollers and to drive the pressuring rollers to concurrently rotate such that the pressuring rollers roll against the operating portion of the pump tube for continuously propelling the fluid in the pump tube in the direction of rotation.
Полный текст Патента US 8360758 + PDF


ФОРМУЛА ИЗОБРЕТЕНИЯ (CLAIMS)

What is claimed is:

1. A peristaltic pump, comprising an outer casing, at least a flexible pump tube adapted for allowing a liquid flowing therethrough, two or more pressuring rollers, and a center driving mechanism, said outer casing having a circular guiding channel formed along an inner side of a peripheral wall of said outer casing to define a circular path therealong, said flexible pump tube having a circular operating portion installed in said circular guiding channel, said circular operating portion of said flexible pump tube circulating and extending around said guiding channel for at least one full circle forming a full circle operating portion along said circular path for said peristaltic pump, said center driving mechanism comprising a driving shaft and a transmission unit, said driving shaft being capable of being driven to rotate at a center portion of said outer casing, said transmission unit being connected to said driving shaft, said pressuring rollers being spacedly, eccentrically, symmetrically, and planetary supported between said operating portion of said flexible pump tube and said center driving mechanism in a radially movable manner, wherein said pressuring rollers are retained and supported to evenly distribute all around and to rolling about an outer circular edge of said center driving mechanism and are driven by said transmission unit of said center driving mechanism to rotate and exert pressure on said operating portion of said flexible pump tube when said driving shaft is driven to rotate in an operating direction, wherein said operating portion of said flexible pump tube is a full circle and said pressuring rollers are evenly distributed all around and rolling about said center driving mechanism in a planetary manner, and thus said full circle operating portion of said flexible pump tube provides a full complete circle of propelling path for said flexible pump tube so as to enable said pressuring rollers to provide continuous pressure on said operating portion of said flexible pump tube respectively by said center driving mechanism for propelling said liquid flowing through said flexible pump tube, thereby said center driving mechanism is adapted to be driven by said driving shaft to switch between an operation state and a pressure release state automatically with respect to a rotating direction of said driving shaft, wherein in said operation state, said center driving mechanism is driven by said driving shaft to rotate in said operating direction to provide a pressure against said operating portion of said flexible pump tube, and that in said release state, said center driving mechanism is able to be driven by said driving shaft in a reverse direction to release said pressure against said operating portion of said flexible pump tube, wherein said driving shaft has a pedal protruded out from an outer surface thereof and said transmission unit comprises two or more driving plates in an overlapped manner, wherein one of said driving plates is a starting plate and each of said driving plates has one or more peripheral indentions, which are evenly formed at a circumferential edge thereof and shaped adapted for said pressuring rollers to be received thereat, and a pedal slot provided at a center portion thereof, wherein said pedal slot of said starting plate is sized and shaped with respect to said pedal of said driving shaft, and said pedal slot of each of said other driving plates has an arc length longer than that of said pedal slot of said starting plate, wherein said pedal slots of said other driving plates extend along said arc lengths thereof at said operating direction of rotation of said driving shaft and are adapted to be driven by said pedal of said driving shaft in a predetermined order of said driving plates, wherein, in said release state, when said driving shaft is not rotating, said peripheral indentions of all of said driving plates are aligned with each other for receiving said pressuring rollers respectively, wherein when said driving shaft keeps rotating in said operating direction, said peripheral indentions of all of said driving plates would never be aligned with each other and thus said pressuring rollers are always be exerting pressure onto said operating portion of said flexible pump tube respectively and continuously.

2. The peristaltic pump, as recited in claim 1, wherein said starting plate is different from said other driving plates in that a corner of each of said peripheral indentions of said starting plate is formed in a roundness manner to an outer diameter by making an edge tangent to said outer diameter such that an edge of said peripheral indention is smoothly and gradually extended from a bottom side of said peripheral indention to said outer edge of said starting plate, wherein when driving shaft is driven to rotate at said operating direction, said starting plate rotates earlier than said other driving plates to push said pressuring roller to substantially press against said flexible pump tube within said guiding channel.

3. A peristaltic pump, comprising an outer casing, at least a flexible pump tube adapted for allowing a liquid flowing therethrough, two or more pressuring rollers, and a center driving mechanism, said outer casing having a circular guiding channel formed along an inner side of a peripheral wall of said outer casing to define a circular path therealong, said flexible pump tube having a circular operating portion installed in said circular guiding channel, said circular operating portion of said flexible pump tube circulating and extending around said guiding channel for at least one full circle forming a full circle operating portion along said circular path for said peristaltic pump, said center driving mechanism comprising a driving shaft and a transmission unit, said driving shaft being capable of being driven to rotate at a center portion of said outer casing, said transmission unit being connected to said driving shaft, said pressuring rollers being spacedly, eccentrically, symmetrically, and planetary supported between said operating portion of said flexible pump tube and said center driving mechanism in a radially movable manner, wherein said pressuring rollers are retained and supported to evenly distribute all around and to rolling about an outer circular edge of said center driving mechanism and are driven by said transmission unit of said center driving mechanism to rotate and exert pressure on said operating portion of said flexible pump tube when said driving shaft is driven to rotate in an operating direction, wherein said operating portion of said flexible pump tube is a full circle and said pressuring rollers are evenly distributed all around and rolling about said center driving mechanism in a planetary manner, and thus said full circle operating portion of said flexible pump tube provides a full complete circle of propelling path for said flexible pump tube so as to enable said pressuring rollers to provide continuous pressure on said operating portion of said flexible pump tube respectively by said center driving mechanism for propelling said liquid flowing through said flexible pump tube, thereby said center driving mechanism is adapted to be driven by said driving shaft to switch between an operation state and a pressure release state automatically with respect to a rotating direction of said driving shaft, wherein in said operation state, said center driving mechanism is driven by said driving shaft to rotate in said operating direction to provide a pressure against said operating portion of said flexible pump tube, and that in said release state, said center driving mechanism is able to be driven by said driving shaft in a reverse direction to release said pressure against said operating portion of said flexible pump tube, wherein said outer casing comprises a first housing and a second housing, wherein an edge is defined at a joint area between said first and second housings so that said first housing and said second housing are able to rotate concentrically in an independent manner to offer an option for tuning angles or a routing route of installing said flexible pump tube into said guiding channel of said outer casing.

4. The peristaltic pump, as recited in claim 1, wherein said driving shaft has another pedal protruded out from an outer surface thereof, wherein said two pedals are symmetrically arranged to have 180° therebetween, wherein said starting plate has another pedal slot sized and shaped with respect to said another pedal of said driving shaft.

5. A method for propelling liquid through a flexible pump tube by a peristaltic pump which comprises an outer casing, two or more pressuring rollers and a center driving mechanism rotatably installed in a center portion of said outer casing, wherein said outer casing has a circular guiding channel formed along an inner side of a peripheral wall of said outer casing to define a circular path therealong; wherein the method comprises the steps of: (a) circulating and extending an operating portion of said flexible pump tube around said circular guiding channel for at least one full circle forming a full circle operating portion of said flexible pump tube for said peristaltic pump; (b) supporting said pressuring rollers spacedly, eccentrically, symmetrically, and planetary to evenly distribute all around a circular edge of said center driving mechanism in a radially movable manner; (c) driving said center driving mechanism to rotate in an operating direction; (d) driving said pressuring rollers to roll around said center driving mechanism respectively, spacedly, symmetrically, concentrically, and planetary; and (e) pushing said pressuring rollers by said rotating center driving mechanism to substantially pressing against said operating portion of said flexible pump tube within said guiding channel continuously and respectively to propelling liquid through said flexible pump tube, wherein said center driving mechanism comprises a driving shaft and two more driving plates connected to said driving shaft in an overlapped manner, wherein one of said driving plates is a starting plate and each of said driving plates has one or more peripheral indentions, which are evenly formed at a circumferential edge thereof and shaped adapted for said pressuring rollers to be received thereat, wherein the step (a) further comprises the steps of: (a1) when said driving shaft is not rotating, aligning all said peripheral indentions of said driving plates, including said starting plate, with each other to form a full arc indention surface; (a2) engaging said pressuring rollers with said peripheral indentions at a position that circumferential surfaces of said pressuring rollers are engaged with said indention surfaces of said driving plates respectively; and (a3) installing said flexible pump tube in said guiding channel of said outer casing by circulating and extending said operating portion of said flexible pump tube around said circular guiding channel for at least one full circle to form said full circle operating portion of said flexible pump tube for said peristaltic pump while there is no pressure exerted by said pressuring rollers onto said operating portion of said flexible pump tube.

6. The method, as recited in claim 5, wherein the step (e) further comprises the steps of: (e1) enabling said peripheral indentions of said driving plates, including said starting plate, being not be aligned with each other forming a full arc shape and thus disengaging said peripheral indentions of said driving plates from said pressuring rollers; (e2) forcing said pressuring rollers to radially extend towards a peripheral wall of said outer casing while rolling about said center driving mechanism; (e3) exerting a pressure on said full circle operating portion of said flexible pump tube, wherein as long as said driving shaft keeps rotating in said operating direction and does not rotating in a reverse direction until a predetermined degree of rotation, said peripheral indentions of said driving plates will never be aligned with each other, and thus ensuring said pressuring rollers always being exerting said pressure onto said operating portion of said flexible pump tube.

7. The method, as recited in claim 6, further comprising a step of: (f) returning said pressuring rollers to a release state that no pressure is pressed against said operating portion of said flexible pump tube within said guiding channel by said pressuring rollers.

8. The method, as recite in claim 7, wherein the step (f) further comprises the steps of: (f1) driving said driving shaft to rotate in a reverse direction; (f2) aligning said peripheral indentions of said driving plates on top with each other; and (f3) pushing back onto said pressuring rollers by said operating portion of said flexible pump tube and forcing said pressuring rollers to engage with said aligned peripheral indentions of said driving plates.


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