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Apparatus for the dispersal and discharge of static electricity

Патентный поиск по классам МПК-8:

Класс H02H1/00 Элементы конструкций, детали, схемы защиты

Класс H02H1/04 устройства, предотвращающие срабатывание защиты при неустановившихся, ненормальных режимах, например при молнии 

Класс H02H3/22 малой длительности, например от молнии 

Класс H05F3/00 Отвод электростатических зарядов

Патенты РФ в классе H05F3/00:
устройство для нейтрализации электростатического заряда на внутренней поверхности трубы -  патент 2525855
способ инициирования молниевых разрядов -  патент 2525842
способ испытаний изолированных объектов (летательных аппаратов) на коронирование и устройство для его осуществления -  патент 2523422
антистатическое поверхностное покрытие -  патент 2515982
способ испытаний объектов на молниезащищенность и устройство для его осуществления -  патент 2502237
способ предотвращения торнадо и устройство для его осуществления -  патент 2498562
устройство для снижения скорости коррозии нефтепровода путем удаления электростатического заряда -  патент 2490835
устройство для снятия электростатического заряда с нефтепровода -  патент 2490834
активный молниеотвод -  патент 2467524
устройство металлизации подвижных элементов конструкции -  патент 2462005

Класс H05F3/02 с помощью заземляющих соединений 

Патенты РФ в классе H05F3/02:
устройство для нейтрализации электростатического заряда на внутренней поверхности трубы -  патент 2525855
антистатическое поверхностное покрытие -  патент 2515982
способ испытаний объектов на молниезащищенность и устройство для его осуществления -  патент 2502237
устройство для снижения скорости коррозии нефтепровода путем удаления электростатического заряда -  патент 2490835
устройство для снятия электростатического заряда с нефтепровода -  патент 2490834
устройство металлизации подвижных элементов конструкции -  патент 2462005
способ молниезащиты и устройство для его реализации -  патент 2456727
устройство для использования энергии электростатического поля -  патент 2439864
устройство для отвода зарядов из потока углеводородов -  патент 2400021
устройство металлизации подвижных элементов конструкции -  патент 2393651

Классы МПК:H02H1/00 Элементы конструкций, детали, схемы защиты
H02H1/04 устройства, предотвращающие срабатывание защиты при неустановившихся, ненормальных режимах, например при молнии 
H02H3/22 малой длительности, например от молнии 
H05F3/00 Отвод электростатических зарядов
H05F3/02 с помощью заземляющих соединений 
Автор(ы): Green, Richard Douglas (Portland, OR, US)
Патентообладатель(и): GREEN RICHARD DOUGLAS
Приоритеты:
подача заявки
06.03.2010
публикация патента
11.09.2012

РЕФЕРАТ (Abstract)

An apparatus for the collection and discharge of static electrical charges without the need for an earth ground or atmosphere. This apparatus has three major parts: a collector stage, a conversion stage, and an emissive stage. The collection stage, an apparatus that can carry a static charge from the environment external to the apparatus, is connected electrically to the conversion stage, comprising one or more layers of a material that can carry an electrical charge, disposed among two or more layers of a material that can carry an electrical charge, which layers are in turn connected electrically to components so as to trap the electrical charges in an electromagnetic field and convert them into electrical energy. Finally, the electrical output of the conversion stage is electrically connected to an emissive stage: comprising a transducing device or circuit capable of utilizing the energy or emitting it.
Полный текст Патента US 8264811 + PDF


ФОРМУЛА ИЗОБРЕТЕНИЯ (CLAIMS)

What is claimed is:

1. An apparatus for dispersal and discharge of static electricity or excess electrical charge for the collection and dissipation or discharge of static or excess electrical charge without the need for an earth ground or atmosphere, comprising: means for collecting electrically charged particles; means for entraining the charged particles in an electromagnetic field and converting the charges into electrical energy, electrically connected to said means for collecting electrically charged particles; means for using the converted electrical charges to provide power to an emitting device that converts the electrical energy to another form, such as light or sound, electrically connected to said means for entraining the charged particles in an electromagnetic field and converting the charges into electrical energy; means for an electrical connection between the collector(s) and the center layer(s) in the conversion sub-stage; means for an electrical connection between the anode layers(s) and the emissive stage; means for an electrical connection between the cathode layer(s) and the emissive stage; means for an apparatus for electrically charged particles to be collected, electrically connected to said means for an electrical connection between the collector(s) and the center layer in the conversion sub-stage; means for entraining the charged particles; means for an area for the charges to collect and be attracted to one of the outer layers for conversion to current, electrostatically coupled to said means for entraining the charged particles, and electrically connected to said means for an electrical connection between the collector(s) and the center layer(s) in the conversion sub-stage; means for entraining the charged particles, electrostatically coupled to said means for an area for the charges to collect and be attracted to one of the outer layers for conversion to current, and electrostatically coupled to said means for entraining the charged particles; means for control of the flow of current from the anode layer(s), electrically connected to said means for entraining the charged particles; means for conversion and emission of electrical current as another form of energy, electrically connected to said means for control of the flow of current from the anode layer(s); means for control of the flow of current to the cathode layer(s), electrically connected to said means for conversion and emission of electrical current as another form of energy, and electrically connected to said means for entraining the charged particles; means for a layer to isolate the anode layer(s) from the center layer(s), adjacently placed to said means for an area for the charges to collect and be attracted to one of the outer layers for conversion to current, and adjacently placed to said means for entraining the charged particles; means for a layer to isolate the cathode layer(s) from the center layer(s), adjacently placed to said means for entraining the charged particles, and adjacently placed to said means for an area for the charges to collect and be attracted to one of the outer layers for conversion to current; and means for converting the charges entrained into electrical energy.

2. The apparatus for dispersal and discharge of static electricity in accordance with claim 1, wherein said means for collecting electrically charged particles comprises a collector stage.

3. The apparatus for dispersal and discharge of static electricity in accordance with claim 1, wherein said means for entraining the charged particles in an electromagnetic field and converting the charges into electrical energy comprises a conversion stage.

4. The apparatus for dispersal and discharge of static electricity in accordance with claim 1, wherein said means for using the converted electrical charges to provide power to an emitting device that converts the electrical energy to another form, such as light or sound comprises an emissive stage.

5. The apparatus for dispersal and discharge of static electricity in accordance with claim 1, wherein said means for an electrical connection between the collector(s) and the center layer in the conversion sub-stage comprises a collector-to-array connection.

6. The apparatus for dispersal and discharge of static electricity in accordance with claim 1, wherein said means for an electrical connection between the anode layers(s) and the emissive stage comprises an anode-to-emitter connection.

7. The apparatus for dispersal and discharge of static electricity in accordance with claim 1, wherein said means for an electrical connection between the cathode layer(s) and the emissive stage comprises a cathode-to-emitter connection.

8. The apparatus for dispersal and discharge of static electricity in accordance with claim 1, wherein said means for an apparatus for electrically charged particles to be collected comprises a collector.

9. The apparatus for dispersal and discharge of static electricity in accordance with claim 1, wherein said means for entraining the charged particles comprises an anode layer(s).

10. The apparatus for dispersal and discharge of static electricity in accordance with claim 1, wherein said means for an area for the charges to collect and be attracted to one of the outer layers for conversion to current comprises a center layer(s).

11. The apparatus for dispersal and discharge of static electricity in accordance with claim 1, wherein said means for entraining the charged particles comprises a cathode layer(s).

12. The apparatus for dispersal and discharge of static electricity in accordance with claim 1, wherein said means for control of the flow of current from the anode layer(s) comprises an anode layer diode.

13. The apparatus for dispersal and discharge of static electricity in accordance with claim 1, wherein said means for conversion and emission of electrical current as another form of energy comprises a light-emitting diode, laser, piezoelectric crystal, flash tube, or other circuit emissive device.

14. The apparatus for dispersal and discharge of static electricity in accordance with claim 1, wherein said means for control of the flow of current to the cathode layer(s) comprises a cathode layer diode.

15. The apparatus for dispersal and discharge of static electricity in accordance with claim 1, wherein said means for a layer to isolate the anode layer(s) from the center layer(s) comprises an anode dielectric layer(s).

16. The apparatus for dispersal and discharge of static electricity in accordance with claim 1, wherein said means for a layer to isolate the cathode layer(s) from the center layer(s) comprises a cathode dielectric layer(s).

17. The apparatus for dispersal and discharge of static electricity in accordance with claim 1, wherein said means for supplying the layer(s) with a bias voltage comprises a power supply.

18. The apparatus for dispersal and discharge of static electricity in accordance with claim 1, wherein said means for converting the charges entrained into electrical energy comprises a conversion circuitry.

19. An apparatus for dispersal and discharge of static electricity for the collection and dissipation or discharge of static electrical charge without the need for an earth ground or atmosphere, comprising: a collector stage, for collecting electrically charged particles; a conversion stage, for entraining the charged particles in an electromagnetic field and converting the charges into electrical energy, electrically connected to said collector stage; an emissive stage, for using the converted electrical charges to provide power to an emitting device that converts the electrical energy to another form, such as light or sound, electrically connected to said conversion stage; a collector-to-array connection, for an electrical connection between the collector(s) and the center layer in the conversion sub-stage; an anode-to-emitter connection, for an electrical connection between the anode layers(s) and the emissive stage; a cathode-to-emitter connection, for an electrical connection between the cathode layer(s) and the emissive stage; a collector, for an apparatus for electrically charged particles to be collected, electrically connected to said collector-to-array connection; an anode layer(s), for entraining the charged particles; a center layer(s), for an area for the charges to collect and be attracted to one of the outer layers for conversion to current, electrostatically coupled to said anode layer(s), and electrically connected to said collector-to-array connection; a cathode layer(s), for entraining the charged particles, electrostatically coupled to said center layer(s), and electrostatically coupled to said anode layer(s); an anode layer diode, for control of the flow of current from the anode layer(s), electrically connected to said anode layer(s); a light-emitting diode, laser, piezoelectric crystal, flash tube, or other circuit emissive device, for conversion and emission of electrical current as another form of energy, electrically connected to said anode layer diode; a cathode layer diode, for control of the flow of current to the cathode layer(s), electrically connected to said emissive device, and electrically connected to said cathode layer(s); a light-emitting diode, laser, piezoelectric crystal, flash tube, or other circuit emissive device, for conversion and emission of electrical current as another form of energy, electrically connected to said cathode layer diode; an anode dielectric layer(s), for a layer to isolate the anode layer(s) from the center layer(s), adjacently placed to said center layer(s), and adjacently placed to said anode layer(s); a cathode dielectric layer(s), for a layer to isolate the cathode layer(s) from the center layer(s), adjacently placed to said cathode layer(s), and adjacently placed to said center layer(s); and a conversion circuitry, for converting the charges entrained into electrical energy.

20. An apparatus for dispersal and discharge of static electricity for the collection and dissipation or discharge of static electrical charge without the need for an earth ground or atmosphere, comprising: a collector stage, for collecting electrically charged particles; a conversion stage, for entraining the charged particles in an electromagnetic field and converting the charges into electrical energy, electrically connected to said collector stage; an emissive stage, for using the converted electrical charges to provide power to an emitting device that converts the electrical energy to another form, such as light or sound, electrically connected to said conversion stage; a collector-to-array connection, for an electrical connection between the collector(s) and the center layer in the conversion sub-stage; an anode-to-emitter connection, for an electrical connection between the anode layers(s) and the emissive stage; a cathode-to-emitter connection, for an electrical connection between the cathode layer(s) and the emissive stage; a collector, for an apparatus for electrically charged particles to be collected, electrically connected to said collector-to-array connection; an anode layer(s), for entraining the charged particles; a center layer(s), for an area for the charges to collect and be attracted to one of the outer layers for conversion to current, electrostatically coupled to said anode layer(s), and electrically connected to said collector-to-array connection; a cathode layer(s), for entraining the charged particles, electrostatically coupled to said center layer(s), and electrostatically coupled to said anode layer(s); an anode layer diode, for control of the flow of current from the anode layer(s), electrically connected to said anode layer(s); a light-emitting diode, laser, piezoelectric crystal, flash tube, or other circuit emissive device, for conversion and emission of electrical current as another form of energy, electrically connected to said anode layer diode; a cathode layer diode, for control of the flow of current to the cathode layer(s), electrically connected to said emissive device, and electrically connected to said cathode layer(s); a light-emitting diode, laser, piezoelectric crystal, flash tube, or other circuit emissive device, for conversion and emission of electrical current as another form of energy, electrically connected to said cathode layer diode; an anode dielectric layer(s), for a layer to isolate the anode layer(s) from the center layer(s), adjacently placed to said center layer(s), and adjacently placed to said anode layer(s); a cathode dielectric layer(s), for a layer to isolate the cathode layer(s) from the center layer(s), adjacently placed to said cathode layer(s), and adjacently placed to said center layer(s); a power supply, for supplying the layer(s) with a bias voltage; and a conversion circuitry, for converting the charges entrained into electrical energy.


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