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Production method of (2E,6Z,8E)-N-isobutyl-2,6,8-decatrienamide (spilanthol), and food or drink, fragrance or cosmetic, or pharmaceutical comprising the same

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Класс C07C231/00 Получение амидов карбоновых кислот

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Классы МПК:C07C231/00 Получение амидов карбоновых кислот
Автор(ы): Tanaka, Shigeru (Hiratsuka, JP)
Yagi, Kenji (Hiratsuka, JP)
Ujihara, Hideo (Hiratsuka, JP)
Ishida, Kenya (Hiratsuka, JP)
Патентообладатель(и): Takasago International Corporation (Tokyo, JP)
Приоритеты:
подача заявки
16.01.2009
публикация патента
10.07.2012

РЕФЕРАТ (Abstract)

A problem as an object of the invention is to provide a production method of spilanthol in a large scale without using expensive reagents. The present invention provides a production method of N-isobutyl-2,6,8-decatrienamide, wherein a column chromatography purification step is not required in all processes.
Полный текст Патента US 8217192 + PDF


ФОРМУЛА ИЗОБРЕТЕНИЯ (CLAIMS)

The invention claimed is:

1. A production method of N-isobutyl-2,6,8-decatrienamide, wherein a column chromatography purification step is not required in all processes.

2. The production method according to claim 1, wherein all processes are carried out at a reaction temperature of −20° C. or more.

3. The production method according to claim 1, wherein a chemical purity of the N-isobutyl-2,6,8-decatrienamide is 80% or more, and a content of a 2E,6Z,8E-isomer of the N-isobutyl-2,6,8-decatrienamide is 65% or more.

4. The production method of N-isobutyl-2,6,8-decatrienamide according to claim 3, which comprises: (AI) preparing a β-hydroxycarboxylic acid ester represented by the formula (A2) by reducing a β-keto ester represented by the formula (A1) (reduction step), embedded image (in the formula (A1) and formula (A2), X represents a chlorine atom or a bromine atom and RA1 represents an alkyl group having from 1 to 4 carbon atoms); (AII) preparing a β-sulfonyloxycarboxylic acid ester represented by the formula (A3) by sulfonic acid esterification of the β-hydroxycarboxylic acid ester represented by the formula (A2) (sulfonic acid esterification step), embedded image (in the formula (A2), X and RA1 are as defined in the foregoing, and in the formula (A3), X represents a chlorine atom or a bromine atom, RA1 represents an alkyl group having from 1 to 4 carbon atoms and RA2 represents an alkanesulfonyl group, a benzenesulfonyl group or a toluenesulfonyl group); (AIII) preparing an α,β-unsaturated carboxylic acid ester represented by the formula (A4) from the β-sulfonyloxycarboxylic acid ester represented by the formula (A3) under a basic condition (elimination step), embedded image (in the formula (A3), X, RA1 and RA2 are as defined in the foregoing, and in the formula (A4), X represents a chlorine atom or a bromine atom and RA1 represents an alkyl group having from 1 to 4 carbon atoms); (AIV) preparing a (2E,6Z,8E)-decatrienoic acid ester represented by the formula (A6) by allowing a phosphonium salt represented by the formula (A5), which is derived from the α,β-unsaturated carboxylic acid ester represented by the formula (A4), to react with crotonaldehyde under a basic condition (Wittig reaction step), embedded image (in the formula (A5), X represents a chlorine atom or a bromine atom, Y represents an alkyl group or an aryl group which may have a substituent group, and RA1 represents an alkyl group having from 1 to 4 carbon atoms, and in the formula (A6), RA1 represents an alkyl group having from 1 to 4 carbon atoms); and (AV) obtaining (2E,6Z,8E)-N-isobutyl-2,6,8-decatrienamide by allowing the decatrienoic acid ester represented by the formula (A6) to react with isobutylamine in the presence of a catalyst, or by hydrolyzing the decatrienoic acid ester represented by the formula (A6), converting said acid thereafter into an acid halide, and allowing this acid halide to react with isobutylamine (amidation step).

5. The production method according to claim 4, wherein the base which is used in the Wittig reaction step of (AIV) is potassium carbonate.

6. The production method of N-isobutyl-2,6,8-decatrienamide production method according to claim 3, which comprises: (BI) preparing a hydroxyacetal represented by the formula (B2) by acetalization reaction and hydrolysis of an acyloxybutanal represented by the formula (B1) (acetalization step), embedded image (in the formula (B1), Acyl represents an acyl group having from 2 to 5 carbon atoms, and in the formula (B2), RB1 and RB1′ each independently represents an alkyl group having from 1 to 4 carbon atoms, or RB1 and RB1′ may form a divalent carbon chain which may have a substituent group); (BII) preparing a sulfonic acid ester represented by the formula (B3) (sulfonic acid esterification step), embedded image (in the formula (B2), RB1 and RB1′ are as defined in the foregoing, and in the formula (B3), RB1 and RB1′ each independently represents an alkyl group having from 1 to 4 carbon atoms, or RB1 and RB1′ may form a divalent carbon chain which may have a substituent group, and RB2 represents an alkanesulfonyl group, a benzenesulfonyl group or a toluenesulfonyl group); (BIII) preparing a halide represented by the formula (B4) (halogenation step), embedded image (in the formula (B3), RB1, RB1′ and RB2 are as defined in the foregoing, and in the formula (B4), RB1 and RB1′ each independently represents an alkyl group having from 1 to 4 carbon atoms, or RB1 and RB1′ may form a divalent carbon chain which may have a substituent group, and X represents a halogen atom); (BIV) preparing an acetal of a (4Z,6E)-octadienal represented by the formula (B6) by allowing a phosphonium salt (formula (B5)) which is derived from the formula (B4) to react with crotonaldehyde under a basic condition (Wittig reaction step), embedded image (in the formula (B5), RB1, RB1′ and X are as defined in the foregoing and Y represents an alkyl group or an aryl group which may have a substituent group, and in the formula (B6), RB1 and RB1′ each independently represents an alkyl group having from 1 to 4 carbon atoms, or RB1 and RB1′ may form a divalent carbon chain which may have a substituent group); (BV) preparing a (4Z,6E)-octadienal represented by the formula (B7) by deprotecting the octadiene acetal represented by the formula (6) in the presence of an acid catalysis (deprotection step), embedded image (in the formula (B6), RB1 and RB1′ are as defined in the foregoing); (BVI) preparing a mixture of N-isobutyl-2,6,8-decatrienamide and N-isobutyl-3,6,8-decatrienamide represented by the formula (B8), by allowing a (4Z,6E)-octadienal represented by the formula (B7) and malonic acids to undergo condensation under a basic condition, embedded image wherein monoisobutyl malonate amide is allowed to undergo the reaction as the malonic acids, (Knoevenagel step 1); and (BVII) isomerizing the N-isobutyl-3,6,8-decatrienamide represented by the formula (B8), embedded image in the mixture of a positional isomer of N-isobutyldecatrienamide obtained in the aforementioned step (VI), into N-isobutyl-2,6,8-decatrienamide (spilanthol) under a basic condition (isomerization step).

7. The production method according to claim 6, the method comprising: preparing a decatrienoic acid ester or decatrienoic acid represented by the formula (B9) by allowing malonic acid or a malonic acid monoester as the malonic acids in the step (BVI) described in claim 6 under a basic condition (Knoevenagel step 2), embedded image (in the formula (B9), RB3 represents a hydrogen atom or an alkyl group having from 1 to 4 carbon atoms); and obtaining (2E,6Z,8E)-N-isobutyl-2,6,8-decatrienamide by allowing the decatrienoic acid ester represented by the formula (B9) to react with isobutylamine in the presence of a catalyst, or by hydrolyzing the decatrienoic acid and decatrienoic acid ester represented by the formula (B9), converting the thus obtained decatrienoic acid into an acid halide and then allowing isobutylamine to act thereon (amidation step).

8. The production method according to claim 6, wherein the base which is used in the Wittig reaction step of the aforementioned step (BIV) is potassium carbonate.

9. The production method of N-isobutyl-2,6,8-decatrienamide according to claim 3, which comprises: (DI) preparing a (4Z,6E)-octadienoic acid ester represented by the general formula (D3) by allowing a phosphonium salt represented by the general formula (D2), which is derived from a 4-halobutanoic acid ester represented by the general formula (D1), to react with crotonaldehyde under a basic condition (Wittig reaction step), embedded image (in the formulae, RD1 is an alkyl group having from 1 to 4 carbon atoms; X is a chlorine atom or a bromine atom; and Y is an alkyl group or an aryl group which may have a substituent group); (DII) preparing (4Z,6E)-octadienoic acid represented by the formula (D4) by hydrolyzing the (4Z,6E)-octadienoic acid ester represented by the general formula (D3) (hydrolysis step), embedded image (in the formula, RD1 is as defined in the foregoing); (DIII) preparing a mixed anhydride represented by the general formula (D6) by allowing the 4,6-octadienoic acid represented by the formula (D4) to react with an acid halide represented by the general formula (D5) under a basic condition (mixed anhydride synthesis step), embedded image (in the formulae, RD2 is an alkyl group having from 1 to 4 carbon atoms; and X2 is a chlorine atom or a bromine atom); (DIV) preparing a 3-oxo-6,8-decadienoic acid ester represented by the general formula (D8) by allowing the mixed anhydride represented by the general formula (D6) to react with a salt of a malonic acid monoester represented by the general formula (D7) (carbon increase step), embedded image (in the formulae, RD2 is as defined in the foregoing; RD3 is an alkyl group having from 1 to 4 carbon atoms; and M is sodium or potassium); (DV) preparing a 3-hydroxy-6,8-decadienoic acid ester represented by the general formula (D9) by reducing a ketone moiety of the 3-oxo-6,8-decadienoic acid ester represented by the general formula (D8) (reduction step), embedded image (in the formulae, RD3 is as defined in the foregoing); (DVI) preparing an N-isobutyl-3-hydroxy-6,8-decadienamide represented by the formula (D10) by allowing the 3-hydroxy-6,8-decadienoic acid ester represented by the general formula (D9) to react with isobutylamine (amidation step), embedded image (in the formulae, RD3 is as defined in the foregoing); (DVII) preparing an N-isobutyl-3-sulfonyloxy-6,8-decadienamide represented by the general formula (D11) by subjecting the N-isobutyl-3-hydroxy-6,8-decadienamide represented by the formula (D10) to sulfonic acid esterification (sulfonic acid esterification step), embedded image (in the formulae, RD4 is an alkanesulfonyl group, a benzenesulfonyl group or a toluenesulfonyl group); and (DVIII) obtaining (2E,6Z,8E)-N-isobutyl-2,6,8-decatrienamide represented by the formula (D12) by treating the N-isobutyl-3-sulfonyloxy-6,8-decadienamide represented by the general formula (D11) with a base under a basic condition (elimination step), embedded image (in the formulae, RD4 is as defined in the foregoing).

10. The production method according to claim 9, wherein the base which is used in the Wittig reaction step of (DI) is potassium carbonate.

11. A flavor or fragrance composition, food or drink, fragrance or cosmetic, or pharmaceutical, which comprises the N-isobutyl-2,6,8-decatrienamide which is produced by the method according to any one of claims 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 or 10.

12. A β-sulfonyloxycarboxylic acid ester represented by the formula (A3): embedded image (in the formula (A3), X represents a chlorine atom or a bromine atom, RA1 represents an alkyl group having from 1 to 4 carbon atoms, and RA2 represents an alkanesulfonyl group, a benzenesulfonyl group or a toluenesulfonyl group).

13. A decatrienoic acid halide represented by the formula (A8): embedded image (in the formula (A8), X represents a chlorine atom or a bromine atom).

14. An acetal of octadienal represented by the formula (B6): embedded image (in the formula, RB1 and RB1′ each independently represent an alkyl group having from 1 to 4 carbon atoms, or RB1 and RB1′ may form a divalent carbon chain which may have a substituent group).

15. An N-isobutyl-3-hydroxy-6,8-decadienamide represented by the formula (D10): embedded image

16. An N-isobutyl-3-sulfonyloxy-6,8-decadienamide represented by the formula (D11): embedded image (in the formula, RD4 is an alkanesulfonyl group, a benzenesulfonyl group or a toluenesulfonyl group).


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